Kidney (renal) disease can have severe negative effects of oral health due to poor calcium absorption. Among other places, patients may lose bone mass in their jaws leading to loose and painful teeth. A second major concern is that kidney disease makes dental treatments much more risky and increases the risk of complications. Certain symptoms of renal disease such as anemia, hypertension, heart disease, xerostomia
, periodontal disease, and inflammation of the mouth and salivary glands can compromise oral health or rule out potential medications dentists would normally prescribe. If the patient is on dialysis, dental procedures should take place as soon as possible after the fact - 24 hours later at most. Patients suffering from end-stage renal failure and those on dialysis are more prone to periodontal disease and other health problems such as probing depth, attachment loss, and enamel hypoplasia. Tartar forms more quickly and dry mouth is a common problem. As always, patients are strongly encouraged to tell their dentists about any and all medical conditions, medications, and other special circumstances in order to assure optimal care. At home, patients should take special care in maintaining good oral hygiene habits including brushing their teeth at least twice a day, flossing daily, and scheduling regular appointments with their dentists.